If you are over 35 years old and will be a valuable insurance coverage to buy big, you may be required to do a medical checkup. When you work at a company, you might also get the facility of the office to conduct medical checkup. Many large companies are even requiring their executives to conduct medical checkup every year. But whoever you are, if you are aged over 35 or even 40 years, it is advisable for you to perform routine medical checkup.
Medical checkup is a medical examination intended to determine the status of your health, not to diagnose or treat disease symptoms.
Medical checkup includes a series of interviews and medical examinations. The types and scope of the medical examination in the medical checkup varies, depending on the needs and requests. In general medical checkup aims to detect early if there is a hidden health problem that has not shown any symptoms, particularly cardiovascular diseases, kidney disease, liver disease and diabetes mellitus. In addition to early detection of disease, medical checkup also determine the level of fitness and general health.
Procedures of Medical Checkup
Medical checkup can be done by an internist or general practitioner qualified to do so. The procedure may include the following steps:
Medical history interview. Your doctor will ask general conditions, diseases and surgery ever you live or drugs are taken. He also questioned your lifestyle, such as whether you smoke, your diet, whether you are exercising regularly and others. He will also ask whether there are certain diseases that decrease in your family, such as diabetes mellitus, heart attack or cancer.
Thorough physical examination and further diagnosis to determine the general health, such as: blood pressure, heart rate, pulse, respiratory examination, skin, abdomen, neck, lymph nodes and nerve reflexes. This way the doctor can find, for example, if there are signs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and hypertension. Doctors also need to measure the height and weight to calculate body mass index. Body mass index above normal increases the risk of various diseases.
Examination supporters. Your doctor will refer you to get a blood test and urine test routinely in the laboratory. Blood tests and urine primarily to identify possible metabolic disorders (eg diabetes mellitus) or kidney disease. To this end, the doctor needs to know the level of blood glucose and blood lipids (eg triglycerides and cholesterol). To measure the level of fitness and heart health, your doctor may ask you to follow a treadmill examination.
Final interview. In the final interview, the doctor discusses the results of medical check-ups with your next steps. He will prepare your risk profile for cardiovascular disease and other diseases, and provide suggestions for improving your health and fitness levels. Further tests (presumably by a physician referral), for example, an EKG for heart disease, need only be done if there is suspicion of disease. When the level of your general health is good, the next medical check-ups can you do two years later.