People with bipolar disorder have volatile moods and difficult to understand. If today’s chirpy, suddenly overcome with sorrow the next day. People with bipolar disorder often feel the sensation of happy, sad and upset by turns. If compared, like a roller coaster cycle.
If not get proper treatment, the mortality rate of bipolar disorder patients could increase 2.5-fold in a year. Cause of death due to suicide. About 25 percent of people with bipolar disorder had attempted suicide at least once in their life.
This disorder can be caused by various factors, one of which is the gene. According to the study of molecular biology, there are at least 37 genes known to be responsible for the emergence of bipolar disorder. In addition, the brain disorder also can trigger bipolar disorder.
There are three episodes experienced by people with bipolar disorder, the mania, depression and mixed. When experiencing an episode of mania, the patient felt the sensation of happy, upbeat excessive, rapid speech, uncontrollable and difficult chatty interrupted.
Not only that, also characterized by episodes of mania dangerous action without calculation mature. Psychomotor activity and increased sexual drive. There springboard mind racing as well as cognitive abilities tend to decline so that difficult decisions.
Because people with bipolar disorder often act aggressively, hurting themselves and the people around him. Most people who experience an episode of acute mania and then needs to be treated in hospital.
When experiencing a depressive episode, there is a sense of quiet, empty and appeared suicidal. Often the patient so untidy appearance, less concerned about hygiene, speaking slowly, almost no initiative and no longer interested in anything that was preferred.
Episodes of depression often leads to sleep disorders such as insomnia or excessive sleepiness. This sad episode experienced by almost every day for at least 2 weeks, so patients need to be referred to a doctor or psychiatrist. In mixed episodes, patients had episodes almost every day happy and sad by turns. This went on for at least 1 week.
Prior to this disorder appear and get worse, early detection needs to be done. Measuring instruments commonly used by doctors is the Mood Disorders Questionnaire (MDQ), Mini International Neuropsychiatric Inventory (MINI), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS).
The drug of choice for bipolar disorder is lithium overcome. To avoid side effects, your doctor will combine lithium with other drugs such as antipsychotics, antidepressants and anti-seizure.
Unfortunately, sometimes people with bipolar disorder stop taking their medication because they feel healed and comfortable. This can be dangerous because it will lead to recurrence and make disturbances worse. Therefore, the supervision by doctors and loved ones would be required.